MEDICAL CONDITIONS OF THE HIP

HIP CONDITIONS
AT GUSTAVEL ORTHOPEDICS

The hip is a ball and socket joint. The ball is the femoral head and the socket is part of the pelvis called the acetabulum. A thin smooth layer of cartilage (articular cartilage) covers both the femoral head and the acetabulum and allows low friction motions as the surfaces glide over each other. The acetabulum has a strong layer of cartilage (the labrum) that is on the outer margin of the bone forming a seal or gasket around the socket.

The strong ligaments and tissue that surround the joint and hold it together is the capsule. The inside of the capsule is lined by a thin layer of tissue called the synovium that produces fluid that lubricates the joint.

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FEMORAL ACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT

The hip is responsible for supporting the majority of the bodies weight. It is critical to have a well functioning hip to walk, run, and jump and perform most daily activities. Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) is a condition caused by abnormal bone growth on the femoral neck (CAM impingement), on the socket (pincer), or both (combined) impingement. This condition causes repetitive trauma to both the labrum and articular cartilage with certain movements.

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HIP LABRAL TEAR

The hip is the strongest and the largest joint in the human body. It is known as a ball-and-socket joint made up of the top of your thigh bone (the ball) and a cup-shaped structure in your pelvis (the socket). This specialized anatomy gives strength and mobility to the joint for walking, running, and the movements of normal daily activities. A ring of strong, flexible cartilage known as the acetabular labrum (similar to the glenoid labrum of the shoulder) surrounds the rim of the hip socket.

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HIP OSTEOARTHRITIS

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people globally. Sometimes called wear and tear arthritis, Osteoarthritis (OA) can be painful and debilitating. OA can affect any joint, but it can throw the entire body out of rhythm when it involves the hip. Hip Osteoarthritis can happen at any age, but starts, most often, in the 50s and tends to affect women more than men. Typically, this hip condition has a gradual onset and becomes more painful over time. However, there are ways to manage Hip OA to prevent or lessen the pain and remain mobile.

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SOFT TISSUE HIP PAIN

The activities of our daily lives place a lot of demand on our hips. Overstretching or overworking of the hips can lead to soft tissue pain in muscles or connective tissue.

Soft tissue injuries are relatively common and affect nearly everyone at some point in life, whether active or relatively inactive. These injuries can vary in severity and affect almost all parts of the body, including the hips.

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