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MEDICAL CONDITIONS OF THE ELBOW

ELBOW CONDITIONS
AT GUSTAVEL ORTHOPEDICS

You do not need to be a major league baseball pitcher to experience problems with your elbow. The nature of the joint and the planes of movement of the elbow make it prone to overuse injuries. Our clinic treats many different conditions that can occur in and around the elbow joint.

The elbow is a hinge joint made of three separate bones. The upper bone is the humerus. It is connected to the lower bones which include the radius and the ulna. The joint is surrounded by a capsule that is filled with synovial fluid. The elbow has a complex set of ligaments that work to stabilize the joint in flexion and extension as well as in pronation and supination. Prominent bony landmarks around the elbow include the medial and lateral epicondyles, the radial head and the olecranon.

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TENNIS ELBOW

Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is one of the most common elbow conditions treated in an orthopedic practice. The injury is caused by repetitive overuse of the muscles in the forearm. The extensor carpi radials braves muscle attaches on the lateral epicondyle.

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GOLFER'S ELBOW

Golfer’s elbow or medial epicondylitis is similar in nature to lateral epicondylitis. It involves the muscles that flex the fingers and pronate the forearm. It is an overuse injury that causes micro tears in the tendons attachments to the bone.

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DISTAL BICEPS RUPTURE

The biceps muscle is attached at the shoulder by two tendons and is attached on the forearm by one tendon. Tears can occur at both ends. The distal insertion point is the radial tuberosity. Tears at the radial tuberosity are less common than at the proximal insertion but tend to cause more noticeable weakness in flexing and pronating your forearm.

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CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

The ulnar nerve is one of the main nerves that travels down the arm and into the hand. It is the nerve that is affected when you “hit your funny bone”. It can become trapped or irritated at different locations but is most commonly compressed or irritated at the elbow.

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